java.lang.AssertionError: No value at JSON path “$.name”

我正在编写一个应用程序,旨在帮助普通医生治疗老年人。其目的是为了避免使用多种药物,它是基于ATC(解剖学治疗学化学)分类。我写了一个将活性物质添加到数据库的方法,它是有效的(我在h2数据库上检查过),但我不能写一个适当的测试。谁能帮助我解决这个问题?这里是我的测试类。

package com.example.geriafarm.controllers;


import com.example.geriafarm.DTO.ATCdto;
import com.example.geriafarm.DTO.ActiveSubstDTO;
import com.example.geriafarm.entities.ATC;
import com.example.geriafarm.entities.ActiveSubst;
import com.example.geriafarm.repositories.ActiveSubstRepository;
import com.example.geriafarm.services.ATCService;
import com.example.geriafarm.services.ActiveSubstService;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.AutoConfigureMockMvc;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.boot.test.mock.mockito.MockBean;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.ResultMatcher;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import java.util.UUID;

import static java.lang.String.format;
import static org.mockito.ArgumentMatchers.any;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.when;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.jsonPath;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.request.MockMvcRequestBuilders.post;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultHandlers.print;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.status;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;

@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureMockMvc
public class ActiveSubstControllerTest {

    @Autowired
    private MockMvc mockMvc;

    @MockBean
    private ActiveSubstService activeSubstService;

    @Autowired
    ActiveSubstRepository activeSubstRepository;


    @Test
    @Transactional
    void shouldAddActiveSubstance() throws Exception {
        final UUID id = new UUID(1234,567);
        final String testName = "furosemid";
        final String atcDTOTest = "C03CA01";
        final ATC testATC = new ATC(null, "C","03","C","A","01");
        final ActiveSubst activeSubstTest = new ActiveSubst(id,testName, testATC);

        when(activeSubstService.addSubstance(any(ActiveSubstDTO.class))).thenReturn(activeSubstTest.getId());

        mockMvc.perform(
                post("/activesubstances")
                    .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                    .content(format("{\"name\":\"%s\",\"atc\":\"%s\"}",  testName, atcDTOTest)))
                .andDo(print())
                .andExpect(status().isCreated())
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.name", is(testName)))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.atc", is(atcDTOTest)));

    }
}

ActiveSubstanceService:

package com.example.geriafarm.services.implementation;

import com.example.geriafarm.DTO.ATCdto;
import com.example.geriafarm.DTO.ActiveSubstDTO;
import com.example.geriafarm.entities.ATC;
import com.example.geriafarm.entities.ActiveSubst;
import com.example.geriafarm.repositories.ATCRepository;
import com.example.geriafarm.repositories.ActiveSubstRepository;
import com.example.geriafarm.services.ActiveSubstService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.UUID;

@Service
public class DefaultActiveSubstService implements ActiveSubstService {

    private final ActiveSubstRepository activeSubstRepository;
    private final ATCRepository atcRepository;

    public DefaultActiveSubstService(ActiveSubstRepository activeSubstRepository, ATCRepository atcRepository) {
        this.activeSubstRepository = activeSubstRepository;
        this.atcRepository = atcRepository;
    }

    @Override
    public List<ActiveSubstDTO> getSubstances() {
        return null;
    }

    public static ATC createATCEntity(ATCdto atcDto) { //metoda przepisuje dane z frontendu(ATCdto) do poszczególnych pól w bazie danych
        ATC atcEntity = new ATC();
        atcEntity.setAnatomicalGr(atcDto.getAtcDto().substring(0, 1));
        atcEntity.setTherapeutSubgr(atcDto.getAtcDto().substring(1, 3));
        atcEntity.setPharmacolSubgr(atcDto.getAtcDto().substring(3, 4));
        atcEntity.setChemicalSubgr(atcDto.getAtcDto().substring(4, 5));
        atcEntity.setChemicalSubst(atcDto.getAtcDto().substring(5));
        return atcEntity;
    }

    @Override
    public UUID addSubstance(ActiveSubstDTO activeSubstDTO) {


        final ActiveSubst activeSubst = activeSubstRepository.saveAndFlush(new ActiveSubst(null, activeSubstDTO.getName(), createATCEntity(activeSubstDTO.getAtc())
                )

        );

        return activeSubst.getId();
    }

    @Override
    public Optional<ActiveSubstDTO> getSubstanceById(String id) {
        return activeSubstRepository.findById(UUID.fromString(id)).map(ActiveSubstDTO::fromActiveSubstEnt);

    }

    @Override
    public ActiveSubstDTO updateSubstance(String id, ActiveSubstDTO activeSubstDTO) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public List<ActiveSubstDTO> getSubstancesByMedicine(UUID medicineId) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public List<ActiveSubstDTO> getSubstancesByAnatomicalGroup(ATCdto atcDto) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public List<ActiveSubstDTO> getSubstancesByTherapeuticSubgroup(ATCdto atcDto) {
        return null;
    }
}

Controller:

package com.example.geriafarm.controllers;

import com.example.geriafarm.DTO.ActiveSubstDTO;
import com.example.geriafarm.exceptions.GeriaException;
import com.example.geriafarm.services.ActiveSubstService;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.util.UUID;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/activesubstances")
public class ActiveSubstController {

    private final ActiveSubstService activeSubstService;

    public ActiveSubstController(ActiveSubstService activeSubstService) {
        this.activeSubstService = activeSubstService;
    }

    @PostMapping
    public ResponseEntity<Void> addActiveSubst (@RequestBody ActiveSubstDTO activeSubstDTO) throws GeriaException, URISyntaxException {
        UUID activeSubstId = activeSubstService.addSubstance(activeSubstDTO);

        return ResponseEntity
                .created(new URI("/activesubstances/" + activeSubstId))
                .build();
    }


}

异常信息

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = POST
      Request URI = /activesubstances
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = [Content-Type:"application/json;charset=UTF-8", Content-Length:"36"]
             Body = {"name":"furosemid","atc":"C03CA01"}
    Session Attrs = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstController
           Method = com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstController#addActiveSubst(ActiveSubstDTO)

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = null

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 201
    Error message = null
          Headers = [Location:"/activesubstances/00000000-0000-04d2-0000-000000000237"]
     Content type = null
             Body = 
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = /activesubstances/00000000-0000-04d2-0000-000000000237
          Cookies = []

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = POST
      Request URI = /activesubstances
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = [Content-Type:"application/json;charset=UTF-8", Content-Length:"36"]
             Body = {"name":"furosemid","atc":"C03CA01"}
    Session Attrs = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstController
           Method = com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstController#addActiveSubst(ActiveSubstDTO)

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = null

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 201
    Error message = null
          Headers = [Location:"/activesubstances/00000000-0000-04d2-0000-000000000237"]
     Content type = null
             Body = 
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = /activesubstances/00000000-0000-04d2-0000-000000000237
          Cookies = []
2021-06-30 17:45:11.429  INFO 20568 --- [           main] o.s.t.c.transaction.TransactionContext   : Rolled back transaction for test: [DefaultTestContext@43aaf813 testClass = ActiveSubstControllerTest, testInstance = com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstControllerTest@7d28efd5, testMethod = shouldAddActiveSubstance@ActiveSubstControllerTest, testException = java.lang.AssertionError: No value at JSON path "$.name", mergedContextConfiguration = [WebMergedContextConfiguration@57ac5227 testClass = ActiveSubstControllerTest, locations = '{}', classes = '{class com.example.geriafarm.GeriafarmApplication}', contextInitializerClasses = '[]', activeProfiles = '{}', propertySourceLocations = '{}', propertySourceProperties = '{org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTestContextBootstrapper=true}', contextCustomizers = set[[ImportsContextCustomizer@4ba302e0 key = [org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcWebClientAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcWebDriverAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.oauth2.client.servlet.OAuth2ClientAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.oauth2.resource.servlet.OAuth2ResourceServerAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.SecurityAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.SecurityFilterAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.UserDetailsServiceAutoConfiguration, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcSecurityConfiguration]], org.springframework.boot.test.context.filter.ExcludeFilterContextCustomizer@23202fce, org.springframework.boot.test.json.DuplicateJsonObjectContextCustomizerFactory$DuplicateJsonObjectContextCustomizer@6f1c29b7, org.springframework.boot.test.mock.mockito.MockitoContextCustomizer@763dd5d5, org.springframework.boot.test.web.client.TestRestTemplateContextCustomizer@2b72cb8a, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.actuate.metrics.MetricsExportContextCustomizerFactory$DisableMetricExportContextCustomizer@5d99c6b5, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.properties.PropertyMappingContextCustomizer@4b3fa0b3, org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.WebDriverContextCustomizerFactory$Customizer@52e7a6b2, org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTestArgs@1, org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTestWebEnvironment@133e16fd], resourceBasePath = 'src/main/webapp', contextLoader = 'org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootContextLoader', parent = [null]], attributes = map['org.springframework.test.context.web.ServletTestExecutionListener.activateListener' -> true, 'org.springframework.test.context.web.ServletTestExecutionListener.populatedRequestContextHolder' -> true, 'org.springframework.test.context.web.ServletTestExecutionListener.resetRequestContextHolder' -> true, 'org.springframework.test.context.event.ApplicationEventsTestExecutionListener.recordApplicationEvents' -> false]]

java.lang.AssertionError: No value at JSON path "$.name"

    at org.springframework.test.util.JsonPathExpectationsHelper.evaluateJsonPath(JsonPathExpectationsHelper.java:304)
    at org.springframework.test.util.JsonPathExpectationsHelper.assertValue(JsonPathExpectationsHelper.java:73)
    at org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.JsonPathResultMatchers.lambda$value$0(JsonPathResultMatchers.java:87)
    at org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc$1.andExpect(MockMvc.java:196)
    at com.example.geriafarm.controllers.ActiveSubstControllerTest.shouldAddActiveSubstance(ActiveSubstControllerTest.java:63)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.base/java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:566)
    at org.junit.platform.commons.util.ReflectionUtils.invokeMethod(ReflectionUtils.java:688)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.MethodInvocation.proceed(MethodInvocation.java:60)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.InvocationInterceptorChain$ValidatingInvocation.proceed(InvocationInterceptorChain.java:131)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.extension.TimeoutExtension.intercept(TimeoutExtension.java:149)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.extension.TimeoutExtension.interceptTestableMethod(TimeoutExtension.java:140)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.extension.TimeoutExtension.interceptTestMethod(TimeoutExtension.java:84)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.ExecutableInvoker$ReflectiveInterceptorCall.lambda$ofVoidMethod$0(ExecutableInvoker.java:115)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.ExecutableInvoker.lambda$invoke$0(ExecutableInvoker.java:105)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.InvocationInterceptorChain$InterceptedInvocation.proceed(InvocationInterceptorChain.java:106)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.InvocationInterceptorChain.proceed(InvocationInterceptorChain.java:64)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.InvocationInterceptorChain.chainAndInvoke(InvocationInterceptorChain.java:45)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.InvocationInterceptorChain.invoke(InvocationInterceptorChain.java:37)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.ExecutableInvoker.invoke(ExecutableInvoker.java:104)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.execution.ExecutableInvoker.invoke(ExecutableInvoker.java:98)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.descriptor.TestMethodTestDescriptor.lambda$invokeTestMethod$6(TestMethodTestDescriptor.java:210)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.descriptor.TestMethodTestDescriptor.invokeTestMethod(TestMethodTestDescriptor.java:206)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.descriptor.TestMethodTestDescriptor.execute(TestMethodTestDescriptor.java:131)
    at org.junit.jupiter.engine.descriptor.TestMethodTestDescriptor.execute(TestMethodTestDescriptor.java:65)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$5(NodeTestTask.java:139)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$7(NodeTestTask.java:129)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.Node.around(Node.java:137)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$8(NodeTestTask.java:127)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.executeRecursively(NodeTestTask.java:126)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.execute(NodeTestTask.java:84)
    at java.base/java.util.ArrayList.forEach(ArrayList.java:1541)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.invokeAll(SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.java:38)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$5(NodeTestTask.java:143)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$7(NodeTestTask.java:129)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.Node.around(Node.java:137)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$8(NodeTestTask.java:127)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.executeRecursively(NodeTestTask.java:126)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.execute(NodeTestTask.java:84)
    at java.base/java.util.ArrayList.forEach(ArrayList.java:1541)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.invokeAll(SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.java:38)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$5(NodeTestTask.java:143)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$7(NodeTestTask.java:129)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.Node.around(Node.java:137)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.lambda$executeRecursively$8(NodeTestTask.java:127)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.ThrowableCollector.execute(ThrowableCollector.java:73)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.executeRecursively(NodeTestTask.java:126)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.NodeTestTask.execute(NodeTestTask.java:84)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.submit(SameThreadHierarchicalTestExecutorService.java:32)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.HierarchicalTestExecutor.execute(HierarchicalTestExecutor.java:57)
    at org.junit.platform.engine.support.hierarchical.HierarchicalTestEngine.execute(HierarchicalTestEngine.java:51)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.EngineExecutionOrchestrator.execute(EngineExecutionOrchestrator.java:108)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.EngineExecutionOrchestrator.execute(EngineExecutionOrchestrator.java:88)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.EngineExecutionOrchestrator.lambda$execute$0(EngineExecutionOrchestrator.java:54)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.EngineExecutionOrchestrator.withInterceptedStreams(EngineExecutionOrchestrator.java:67)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.EngineExecutionOrchestrator.execute(EngineExecutionOrchestrator.java:52)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.DefaultLauncher.execute(DefaultLauncher.java:96)
    at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.DefaultLauncher.execute(DefaultLauncher.java:75)
    at com.intellij.junit5.JUnit5IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit5IdeaTestRunner.java:71)
    at com.intellij.rt.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:33)
    at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:221)
    at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:54)
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: json can not be null or empty
    at com.jayway.jsonpath.internal.Utils.notEmpty(Utils.java:386)
    at com.jayway.jsonpath.JsonPath.read(JsonPath.java:342)
    at com.jayway.jsonpath.JsonPath.read(JsonPath.java:329)
    at org.springframework.test.util.JsonPathExpectationsHelper.evaluateJsonPath(JsonPathExpectationsHelper.java:301)
    ... 69 more

我是新手,希望有人帮帮我。


StackOverflow:spring - Please help me with: java.lang.AssertionError: No value at JSON path "$.name" - Stack Overflow